What exactly is their meaning, since the linguists use it? Can it be regarding various forms one to nouns/pronouns takes? Could it possibly be regarding intent behind the brand new noun regarding the phrase?
Particularly, within the Modern Greek, brand new stop out-of nouns alter on situation. Some other nouns elizabeth circumstances regardless if, therefore “case” is not only on function (the stop), and regarding meaning.
From inside the English, endings try not to transform. English is claimed not to have instances. But of course English is also express the same definitions, even in the event that is marked various other ways than simply having endings, e.g. using prepositions otherwise keyword order.
Hungarian is considered for most cases, however, since an indigenous audio speaker, Really don’t understand the difference in the newest suffixes used by Hungarian plus the prepositions employed by English. That will come before the phrase, one other employs, however, if you don’t it promote a similar variety of meaning. Both in dialects, he has an identical mode aside from hence phrase they might be put that have. (Is accurate, into the Hungarian the endings transform some so you’re able to esteem vowel equilibrium. But it is not comparable to the extremely additional endings you to Greek ways to use the very same case.)
Into the Romanian colleges, it’s instructed you to Romanian features four instances. But not, there is no distinction whatsoever within variety of nouns regarding nominative/accusative and dative/genitive pairs. When schoolchildren is actually questioned to spot cases during the knowledge, new difference in these types of pairs is done predicated on definition (that may be deduced age.grams. out of keyword buy) rather than this new finish/types of nouns. This new “case” wouldn’t become known in case your noun weren’t part of a sentence.
Will there be a precise and universal definition of situation within the linguistics https://datingranking.net/de/knick-dating/, or perhaps is it simply a phrase of convenience which is applied differently to different languages?
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You’ll find multiple significance of circumstances, nevertheless variations in traditional terms and conditions between dialects plus have only a lot to create with different lifestyle for knowledge grammar.
The original idea of “case” dates back to Greek and you can Latin conventional sentence structure. Inside framework, it’s highly linked to the idea of a noun’s (or an adjective’s, because adjectives was thought a variety of noun) declension or inflectional paradigm. Good paradigm is visualized just like the a table with which has various other inflected kinds of a word.
Even though the thought of “inflection” (in lieu of derivation) has some challenge of its individual, more often than not it’s rather simple, so I am merely browsing assume within this respond to you to definitely we are taking the theory you to definitely “inflection” try a significant label. Inflection is recognized as being a kind of morphology, whilst selection anywhere between other inflected kinds of a phrase is actually tend to conditioned by syntactic ecosystem. A familiar technology within the morphology are syncretism, and that’s notion of in this instance as the a great situtation where inflectional paradigm from a keyword comes with type of however, officially similar variations. Elizabeth.grams. when you look at the English, specific nouns enjoys similar singular and you may plural versions (deer, sheep) and lots of verbs features identical past and provide forms (strike, shed).
You could typically offer synchronic proof to own syncretism by considering the entire morphological system out of a language and watching if particular terms and conditions let you know distinctive line of models, though anyone else you should never. Such, inside Latin, there are certain 3rd-declension nouns finish into the -has been identical nominative and genitive models from the only 1 (e.grams. collis, collis meters. ‘hill’) but the majority of almost every other nouns possess more nominative and you may genitive variations for the this new singular (elizabeth.g. puer, pueri, meters. ‘boy’ and you may puella, puellae, f. ‘girl’). This comprises facts that Latin morphology general features an excellent nominative-genitive difference, regardless if not all the terms and conditions features distinctive line of nominative and you can genitive versions.
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